Laid out in
1777. Part set off to Elbert, 1790; part to Warren, 1793; a
part to Lincoln, 1796; part to Greene, 1802; part to
Taliaferro, 1825 and 1828. Length, 23 m. ; breadth, 17 m. ;
area square miles, 391. Named after John Wilkes, the great
champion of American liberty.
The streams are Broad
and Little rivers.
The surface of the
country is undulating.
The soil is productive,
though much worn.
Washington is the
county town, 60 miles N.E. of Milledgeville.
The railroad is
completed to Washington, at which place evidences of
improvement greet the eye in every direction.
Dansburg are small villages.
Statistics from the
Census of 1850.-Dwellings, 709; families, 709; white
males, 1,883; white females, 1,922; free coloured males, 10;
free coloured females, 11. Total free population, 3826;
slaves, 8281. Deaths, 193. Farms, 468; manufacturing
establishments, 9. Value of real estate, $1,772,515; value
of personal estate, $4,359,015.
The climate is subject
to great changes.
A few years ago there
were living, THOMAS ANDERSON, aged 81;
WILLIAM WILLIAMS, 90; Mrs. SARAH
FREEMAN, 85; THOMAS TALBOT, 80; D. CARINGTON, 80. Mrs. H.
MINTON died at the age of 95; WM. JONES, 80; ANDREW WOLF,
80; Mrs. CALLAWAY, 90; ISHAM RICHARDSON, 86.
Mrs. HANNAH CLARKE,
relict of Major-General Elijah Clarke, died in this county
on the 26th of August, 1827, aged 90 yeas. Mrs. Clarke had
attended her husband through many interesting periods of the
American Revolution, and had often experienced some of the
distressing vicissitudes of war. She once had her house
burnt, with all its contents, during the absence of her
husband, by a pillaging party of British and Tories, who
ravaged that part of the county in which she then resided,
and was turned out to seek shelter as she could with a
family of several children then in her charge. She was
afterwards robbed of the horse on which she was riding to
meet her wounded husband near North Carolina line. During
part of the campaigns in which General Clarke was engaged,
she accompanied him, and on one occasion, in attempting to
remove from a place of danger near which an engagement was
soon expected, she had her horse shot under her, while two
children were on his back with her. She was at the siege of
Augusta, and present when garrison under Browne capitulated,
and many of the prisoners, the and at other times taken by
her husband, experienced her benevolence and hospitality.
She lived to behold and rejoice in the prosperity and
happiness of that country which she had frequently seen
desolated by cruelty and bloodshed; and in the enjoyment of
the esteem and affection of a large circle of friends, she
attained a good old age, and at last after a sort struggle;
was liberated from earthly cares, and entered "into that
rest which remaineth for the people of God." Her remains
were interred as Wooburn, near the resting-place of her
husband, who had twenty-eight years closed a life of
patriotic exertion in the cause of his country.
Mr. JOHN WRIGHT died on
the 28th of March, 1831, aged 102 years. he was a soldier
under Braddock in 1755, an armed patriot during the whole
revolutionary War, and an active and able partisan in
repelling the murderous inroads of the Indians into Georgian
the early periods of her history.
EZEKIEL HARRIS, aged
71; Colonel SAMUEL JACK, 65; Major SAMUEL WELLBORN, 60;
Captain ABRAHAM SIMONS, 79; JOSEPH JOHNSON, 98, all soldiers
of the Revolution, died in this county.
Among the early
settlers in this county were, S. HEARD, WM. DOWNS, JOHN
KING, ABSALOM BIDDLE, BENJAMIN CATCHING, HENRY WARE, GEORGE
WALTON, JOHN RUTHERFORD, H. FREEMAN, JOHN TORRENCE, WILLIAM
MOSS, WILLIAM TERRELL, JOHN WINGFIELD, JOHN GEORGE, BENJAMIN
TALIAFERRO, THOMAS WOOTEN, ANDREW BURNS, JOHN CUNNINGHAM,
JAMES TATE, WM. MOORE, JOHN TALBOT, WALTON HARRIS, HENRY
MONGER, JAMES MARKS, T. LEDBETTER, B. JORDAN, JOSIAH COLE,
JEREMIAH WALKER, EDWARD JONES, WM. STOKES, JAMES SHEPARD,
WM. POLLARD, MICAJAH WILLIAMSON.